The Progression of Symptoms in Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer Disease: What Is It?

Alzheimer’s disease is a brain ailment that gradually impairs thinking and memory as well as the capacity to carry out even the most basic tasks of daily living.(The symptoms of mental decline that go along with Alzheimer’s and other brain illnesses are generally referred to as dementia)

Alzheimer Disease
Alzheimer disease

Alzheimer Disease and Aging

The majority of patients who develop Alzhiemer’s start experiencing symptoms in their mid-60s. Early-onset Alzheimer’s is a fairly uncommon condition occurring between the ages of 30 and mid-60. For older persons, Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia.

Phases of Alzheimer disease

The phases listed below are just meant to be used as a general guide and give an overall picture of how Alzheimer evolves after symptoms occur.

Alzheimer’s disease can be divided into three stages: mild, moderate and severe. Rememberl that because stages sometimes overlap, it may be challenging to categorize an individual with Alzheimer’s.

Mild Alzheimer Disease

A person may be able to operate independently in the early stages of Alzheimer’s. He or she may still use a motor vehicle, work, and engage in social activities. Although this is the case, the individual could still feel as though they are experiencing memory loss, such as forgetting familiar words or where certain objects are located.

At this point, symptoms may not be readily evident, but family members and close friends may notice something, and a doctor might be able to recognise signs using specific diagnostic procedures.

Common challenges include:

  • Finding the appropriate word or name.  
  • Remembering names of new individuals.
  • Having trouble completing social or work place related tasks.
  • Forgetting what has just been read.
  • Losing or forgetting an expensive item.
  • Experiencing more difficulty with planning.
Alzheimer Disease
Alzheimer disease

Moderate Alzheimer’s Disease

The most prolonged stage of Alzheimer disaese the middle stage can endure for many years. The Alzheimer’s patient will need a higher level of care as the condition worsens.

Dementia symptoms become more noticeable in the middle stages of Alzheimer’s. Words may be mispronounced, individuals may become agitated or irritated, and may act in unexpected ways, Such as refusing to take a shower. It may be challenging for the person to express their thoughts and carry out simple tasks without assistance.

The following symptoms, which might vary from person to person:

  • Forgetting past events and personal history.
  • Exhibiting moodiness or being withdrawn.
  • Having trouble remembering details about oneself.
  • They’re not sure where they are or what day it is.
  • Needing assistance selecting appropriate attire for the season or the occasion.
  • Loss of control of bowel and bladder functions.
  • Sleeping during the day and being awake at night.
  • Displaying a greater propensity to stray and become lost.
  • A change in personality or behavior, such as suspicion, delusions, or compulsive, repetitive actions like hand-wringing or tissue-shredding, are all examples.

The Alzheimer’s patient is still able to participate in daily activities with support during the middle stage. It’s crucial to determine what the person is still capable of doing or how to make activities simpler. As the need for more intensive care increases, caregivers may want to consider respite care or an adult day center so they can have a temporary break from caregiving while the person living with Alzheimer’s continues to receive care in a safe environment.

Severe Alzheimer’s Disease

Dementia symptoms are more severe during later stages of the disease. Patients begin to lose their ability to react to the surroundings, to hold conversations, and eventually, to control their movements. They may still use words or phrases, but find it progressively more difficult to describe their pain. Individuals eventually develop significant personality changes and require intensive care as their memory and cognitive abilities continue to deteriorate.

At this point, people may:

  • Need 24-hour support with daily personal care.
  • Loss of awareness of their surroundings.
  • Undergo changes in their physical capabilities, such as their ability to sit, walk, and eventually swallow.
  • Having difficulty communicating with others.
  • Become more susceptible to illnesses, particularly pneumonia.
Alzheimer Disease
Alzheimer disease

The person with Alzheimer’s may not be able to initiate a conversation as frequently in the latter stages, but he or she might still gain from interactions in suitable ways, such as listening to  soothing music or receiving comfort through light comfort touch. People with advanced Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias, as well as their families, can benefit greatly from hospice care that focuses on providing comfort and dignity at the end of life. 

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